Cultural identity of Ede ethnic minority
Ede is one of the oldest ethnic groups living in the Central Highlands, the total population of over 140 thousand people, mainly in Dak Lak, in addition to some live in the province of Gia Lai, Kon Tum and domain districts mountain province. Ede people often do cultivation in flat areas, near water, on the remote forest-hill van or grass. One can choose where many worms, as there is high humidity. When clearing land, farmers keep the tree where the bees nest. Every year around March is the period of new gas fields, the people call it Yan Dran.
April is the season soil, seasonal May herbicides, June season sparks, invited month, November is the harvesting season, December, January, two seasons remodel homes, visit Anah children, she child, then the festival and celebrate Mhăm Thun. Intercropped with rice also corn, implementation, park types. Like other ethnic groups, ethnic Ede land use in closed or open cycle, good or bad, depending on the land that the cycle may be ten years or more than ten, twenty years … Every year harvested one chooses the long rice and cotton seed for sowing, so that upland rice Ede high yield. At the lake Lak, riverside Crong it, Crong Ana residents knew farming on water on the beach and muddy lake. After the country was liberated economy development, the village people who already know how to use science and technology advances thus increasing rice yield is raised. Living on a natural domain of rich, red soil three fertile Azerbaijan, there are many large natural lakes, numerous rivers important like Christmas Crong, Crong Ana, there are many wild animals, rare birds baked, honey … for hunting, gathering, fishing has long become an important economic activity of the Ede people. Women Hey-to farming well versed firewood, pottery, men forged and knitting. Although there are many different local, dress Ede also quite uniform, women’s clothing is long skirts improve patterns in the waistband and bears. When wearing it wrapped around the waist and put each side. Can be called a sarong or skirt also. first women’s shirt is short-sleeved, pullover style with embroidered patterns at the shoulder, along the arm, wrist and bear coat. Conversely men are wearing butt the blouses gaiu too, patterned along the arm, bears, shoulder and wrist. in the noble men often wear girls patterns eagles are off. As well as men of other ethnic groups, men Ede also bring pain, the pain is usually narrow. Archives shirt men also distinguish grades to go to work to go out and participate in the festival … Today my son, Ede daughter often in the long sticky floors made of bamboo or wood, thatch roof, religion. Follow a north-south direction, there are two doors, the front door to the men and guests, door reserved for women in the family. Ede house is divided into two parts, the first part to the next room, the living of the entire family, a place to sleep for my son and wife is furnished precious objects. Account for one-third of the area. Rest vertically east is sleeping had couples with grill off. According to the order, the first chamber of the home for couples, followed for her youngest daughter, who will inherit the future. After the women’s chamber for the other girls. Before the home is the kitchen cooking chamber general, couples with separate dining with separate kitchen. Ede sleep always turn to the east. Granary was built long after the house and usually higher.
Charnel-house, rice offering of the Ede built quite elaborate and beautiful carvings. Rice offering is located on a carved wooden columns, around the house open to multiple columns, on which is carved the Duon Bai hats, or elected shaped container, the rice mortars, elephants, turtles, momentum … these are unique works express talents and creativity of Isaiah to. Ede family is largely matrilineal families, many families into a village. Every trade has its own territory, everyone in the village knows the boundaries and must be accepted wholesale neighbors, family in the village when a job is the village of the same worries, the same meat bring alcohol entertained, they considered helping each other is fun, is a great honor. As well as other ethnic groups, ethnic Ede has very rich culture. Folklore Ede genres, stories, poetry, proverbs, folk songs … In that famous and widespread is the school ca epic said by the hero story, pure love, the struggle against natural natural, anti-oppression, praising life … including compatriots Khan cultivation, stay in or the fire flickering or gather Konia tree. But Khan is often told in the evening the fire family. Mile San, aftertaste contempt Di’s favorite Khan not only in the country and abroad. Mile San has become the pride of the ethnic groups in the Central Highlands. Folk Ede abundant, it is associated with the traditional instruments of the nation that is the gong. Usually have four gongs, the most to be mum called Char, used to the rhythm, the remaining three are different to small knob. Gong gong comprising 6 smaller ones and are not nipples, big, small irregularities. The brass instruments are often coordinated with the drums, in addition to the orchestra Ede also use instruments made of bamboo, Tube Structures, and prison.
This cultural heritage has made ethnic Ede (Central Highlands) is a nation with a rich cultural and spiritual lives and have their own cultural identity.
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